Neuss is one of the oldest cities in Germany. Its more than 2,000-year history dates back to Roman times. As early as the reign of Emperor Augustus - around 16 B.C. - the Romans built an extensive military camp south of today's old town. This was followed by a civilian settlement on the site of today's Neuss city center, which quickly developed into a flourishing trading center - an importance that Neuss has not lost to the present day.
At the beginning of the 12th century, the city protects itself with the first fortifications - in wise foresight of the coming eventful history. At the end of the 19th century, a remarkable industrial boom began in Neuss - following the expansion of the port. Today, Neuss is a modern city with 150,000 inhabitants, a flourishing economy and eloquent witnesses to an eventful past.